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Clinical Epidemiology in China series. Paper 1: Evidence-based medicine in China: An oral history study

  • Author Footnotes
    1 Bo Li and Yumeng Yan contributed equally.
    Bo Li
    Footnotes
    1 Bo Li and Yumeng Yan contributed equally.
    Affiliations
    Evidence-Based Medicine Centre, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Evidence-based Chinese Medicine Centre, Beijing, 100010, China
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 Bo Li and Yumeng Yan contributed equally.
    Yumeng Yan
    Footnotes
    1 Bo Li and Yumeng Yan contributed equally.
    Affiliations
    Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Evidence-based Chinese Medicine Centre, Beijing, 100010, China

    Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China
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  • Meng Lv
    Affiliations
    Department of Nephrology, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400014, China

    National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400014, China

    Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing 400014, China

    Lanzhou University Institute of Health Data Science, Lanzhou 730000, China
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  • Guozhen Zhao
    Affiliations
    Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Evidence-based Chinese Medicine Centre, Beijing, 100010, China
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  • Zeyu Li
    Affiliations
    Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Evidence-based Chinese Medicine Centre, Beijing, 100010, China
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  • Shuo Feng
    Affiliations
    Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Evidence-based Chinese Medicine Centre, Beijing, 100010, China
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  • Jing Hu
    Affiliations
    Beijing Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Institute of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100010, China

    Beijing Evidence-based Chinese Medicine Centre, Beijing, 100010, China
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  • Yuqing Zhang
    Affiliations
    Ningbo GRADE Centre, Nottingham Health China Centre, University of Nottingham Ningbo, China
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  • Xuan Yu
    Affiliations
    Evidence-Based Medicine Centre, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Lanzhou University Institute of Health Data Science, Lanzhou 730000, China
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  • Jingyi Zhang
    Affiliations
    Lanzhou University Institute of Health Data Science, Lanzhou 730000, China

    School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
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  • Bin Ma
    Affiliations
    Evidence-Based Medicine Centre, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China
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  • Kehu Yang
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Fax: 86-0931-891263.
    Affiliations
    Evidence-Based Medicine Centre, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Evidence Based Social Science Research Centre, School of Public Health, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Key Laboratory of Evidence Based Medicine and Knowledge Translation of Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Lanzhou University GRADE Centre, Lanzhou 730000, China
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  • Yaolong Chen
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Fax: 86-0931-891263.
    Affiliations
    Evidence-Based Medicine Centre, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Lanzhou University Institute of Health Data Science, Lanzhou 730000, China

    Lanzhou University GRADE Centre, Lanzhou 730000, China

    World Health Organization (WHO) Collaborating Centre for Guideline Implementation and Knowledge Translation, Lanzhou 730000, China
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  • Author Footnotes
    1 Bo Li and Yumeng Yan contributed equally.

      Abstract

      Objective

      To describe and record the evolution of EBM in China.

      Study Design and Setting

      We conducted the study following the general methodology of oral history. The interviews were done at Lanzhou University, between 18th and 22nd April 2019 using pre-defined questions. All interviews were videorecorded. Two investigators extracted and analyzed the information from the interviews independently.

      Results

      One international expert and ten Chinese experts participated in the interviews. After the introduction of EBM in China in the mid-1990s, more than 20 EBM centres have been established. According to the interviewees, Gordon Guyatt, David Sackett and Iain Chalmers are the international experts who played the most important role in the development of EBM in China. China has contributed to EBM on the international level by conducting systematic reviews, developing reporting checklists, and introducing the principles of EBM into Traditional Medicine. The Chinese Cochrane Centre and the EBM Centre of Lanzhou University were ranked the top two EBM Centres in China by the interviewees.

      Conclusion

      EBM has been developing in China for nearly a quarter of a century. Many achievements have been reached, however, EBM is still facing many challenges in China, including shortages of funding support and personnel, as well as limited local high-quality evidence.

      Keywords

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