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Conducting high quality scoping reviews-challenges and solutions

  • Hanan Khalil
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Department of Public Health, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
    Affiliations
    Department of Public Health, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia

    Queensland Centre of Evidence-Based Nursing and Midwifery, Joanna Briggs Institute Centres of Excellence, Brisbane, Australia
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  • Micah DJ. Peters
    Affiliations
    Rosemary Bryant AO Research Centre, UniSA Clinical and Health Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia

    School of Nursing, Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia

    Centre for Evidence-based Practice South Australia (CEPSA), Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Adelaide, Australia
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  • Andrea C. Tricco
    Affiliations
    Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, Unity Health Toronto, Toronto, Canada

    Epidemiology Division, Institute of Health Management, Policy, and Evaluation, Dalla Lana School of Public Health University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada

    Queen's Collaboration for Health Care Quality, Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Queen's University, Kingston, Canada
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  • Danielle Pollock
    Affiliations
    JBI, Faculty of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
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  • Lyndsay Alexander
    Affiliations
    School of Health Sciences, Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen, UK

    Scottish Centre for Evidence-Based Multi-professional Practice, Joanna Briggs Institute Centre of Excellence, Aberdeen, UK
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  • Patricia McInerney
    Affiliations
    Wits-JBI Centre for Evidence-Based Practice, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
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  • Christina M. Godfrey
    Affiliations
    Queen's Collaboration for Health Care Quality, JBI Centre of Excellence, School of Nursing, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
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  • Zachary Munn
    Affiliations
    JBI, Faculty of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, Australia
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      Abstract

      Objectives

      Scoping reviews are being increasingly used by researchers. The objective of this article was to outline some challenges and potential solutions to improve the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews.

      Study Design and Setting

      The JBI scoping review methodology group consists of 9 experts in the field of scoping reviews. This article summarizes the key issues facing reviewers who conduct scoping reviews and those who use the results from scoping reviews and may engage in consultations during their development.

      Results

      Several key issues have been identified for reviewers as challenges in conducting scoping reviews. Challenges may be faced throughout the conduct of the review, from developing the a priori protocol to finalizing the review report for publication and developing implications or recommendations for research, policy, and practice from the results of the review. Challenges to publishing scoping reviews may stem from a lack of understanding of scoping reviews by journal editors, authors, and peer reviewers to extending the conclusion drawn from these reviews to generate recommendations for practice and policy.

      Conclusion

      By identifying and overcoming challenges to the conduct and reporting of scoping reviews, reviewers may better ensure that scoping reviews are effective in meeting the objectives of scoping reviews.

      Keywords

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