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Equity issues were not fully addressed in Cochrane human immunodeficiency virus systematic reviews

  • Theresa Aves
    Affiliations
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1

    Biostatistics Unit, Father Sean O'Sullivan Research Centre, St Joseph's Healthcare, 50 Charlton Ave E, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 4A6
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  • Tamara Kredo
    Affiliations
    Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa
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  • Vivian Welch
    Affiliations
    Centre for Global Health, Institute of Population Health, University of Ottawa, 43 Bruyère St, Annex E, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 5C8
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  • Sara Mursleen
    Affiliations
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
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  • Stephanie Ross
    Affiliations
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1
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  • Babalwa Zani
    Affiliations
    Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa

    Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, PO Box 241, Cape Town 800, South Africa
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  • Nkengafac Villyen Motaze
    Affiliations
    Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, PO Box 19070, Tygerberg 7505, South Africa

    Centre for Evidence-Based Health Care, Department of Interdisciplinary Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, PO Box 241, Cape Town 800, South Africa
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  • Leah Quinlan
    Affiliations
    Bruyère Continuing Care, Bruyère Research Institute, University of Ottawa, 43 Bruyère Street, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada K1N 5C8
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  • Lawrence Mbuagbaw
    Correspondence
    Corresponding author. Tel.: +1 (905) 522-1155x35929; fax: +1 (905) 528-7386.
    Affiliations
    Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8S 4K1

    Biostatistics Unit, Father Sean O'Sullivan Research Centre, St Joseph's Healthcare, 50 Charlton Ave E, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada L8N 4A6
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Published:September 29, 2016DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclinepi.2016.09.008

      Abstract

      Objective

      To describe and summarize equity reporting in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) systematic reviews and explore the extent to which equity issues are addressed and reported in HIV reviews using the PROGRESS Plus framework.

      Study Design and Setting

      Application of the PROGRESS Plus framework to a bibliometric analysis of HIV reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.

      Results

      The analysis included 103 reviews published as of March 2014, with a median of five studies per review (first quartile; Q1 = 2; third quartile; Q3 = 11). Reporting of PROGRESS Plus factors was as follows: Place of residence (low, middle, and high income; 55.3%), place of residence (urban or rural; 24.3%), race or ethnicity (20.4%), occupation (10.7%), gender (65.0%), religion (1.9%), education (7.8%), socioeconomic position (10.7%), social networks and capital (1.0%), age (1.9%), and sexual orientation (3.8%).

      Conclusion

      Gaps in the reporting of relevant equity indicators were identified within Cochrane HIV systematic review indicating that research is not consistently conducted through an equity lens. There is a need to incorporate PROGRESS Plus factors into both primary and secondary studies.

      Keywords

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