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Baldness and coronary heart disease risk factors

  • M. Trevisan
    Correspondence
    All correspondence should be addressed to: Maurizio Trevisan, M.D., M.S., Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, 270 Farber Hall, Buffalo, NY 14214, U.S.A.
    Footnotes
    Affiliations
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A.

    Istituto di Igiene e Medicina Preventiva, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • E. Farinaro
    Affiliations
    Istituto di Igiene e Medicina Preventiva, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • V. Krogh
    Affiliations
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A.

    Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • F. Jossa
    Affiliations
    Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Medicine, Buffalo, New York, U.S.A.

    Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • D. Giumetti
    Affiliations
    Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • G. Fusco
    Affiliations
    Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • S. Panico
    Affiliations
    Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • C. Mellone
    Affiliations
    Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • S. Frascatore
    Affiliations
    Department of Biochemistry and Medical Biotechnology, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • A. Scottoni
    Affiliations
    Olivetti Company, Naples, Italy
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  • M. Mancini
    Affiliations
    Institute of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, University of Naples Medical School, Naples, Italy
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  • Author Footnotes
    ∗ Dr Trevisan is a recipient of a Research Career Development Award (KO4 HL02189) from the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute.
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      Abstract

      The present report focuses on the association between baldness pattern and coronary heart disease risk factors in 872 male factory workers from southern Italy participating in an epidemiological study. Participants were divided according to presence or absence of baldness and baldness pattern. Participants with fronto-occipital baldness (male-type baldness) (n = 280) characterized by hair loss centered over the vertex with an m-shaped frontal-temporal recession had, on the average, higher serum cholesterol and blood pressure compared to participants with no baldness (n = 321) and/or participants with just frontal baldness (n = 273). For serum cholesterol, a significant interaction was detected between age and fronto-occipital baldness (i.e. the association between fronto-occipital baldness and elevated levels of serum cholesterol became weaker with age). No interaction was detectable between age and fronto-occipital baldness for blood pressure. The results of this cross-sectional study indicate that male-type pattern of baldness is associated with elevated CHD risk profile, and that this relation between age and serum cholesterol differs in younger compared to older men.

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