The effect of coffee on blood lipids and blood pressure. results from a Norwegian cross-sectional study, men and women, 40–42 years

      This paper is only available as a PDF. To read, Please Download here.


      The association between boiled and filter coffee consumption and levels of cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure was studied, including 14168 men and 14859 women. A total of 94% drank coffee, 55% of the men and 48% of the women drank more than 4 cups per day. The type of coffee consumed varied between the counties, from 11 to 49% boiled and 49 to 87% filter coffee.
      Serum cholesterol increased linearly with increasing coffee consumption, and most strongly for boiled coffee. Controlling for other variables gave, for boiled coffee, an 8% increase for men and 10% for women. For filter coffee drinkers the coffee dose-cholesterol association remained significant only for women.
      Triglycerides showed a negative association with coffee, significant after adjustment for other variables. This effect was stronger for filter than for boiled coffee in both sexes.
      For men and women drinking 1 cup of coffee or more, a significant negative association between both systolic and diastolic blood pressure and number of cups of filter coffee was found.
      The influence of high consumption of different coffee-types on death rate from coronary heart disease is discussed.


      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'


      Subscribe to Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect


        • Thelle D.S.
        • Arnesen E.
        • Førde O.H.
        The Tromsø Heart Study. Does coffee raise serum cholesterol?.
        N Eng1 J Med. 1983; 308: 1454-1457
      1. Coffee and cholesterol (Editorial).
        Lancet. 1985; ii (Anonymous): 1283-1284
        • Thelle D.S.
        • Heyden S.
        • Fodor J.G.
        Coffee and cholesterol in epidemiological and experimental studies.
        Atherosclerosis. 1987; 67: 97-103
        • Bønaa K.
        • Arnesen E.
        • Thelle D.S.
        • Førde O.H.
        Coffee and cholesterol: Is it all in the brewing? The Tromsø Study.
        Br Med J. 1988; 297: 1103-1104
        • Röschlau P.
        • Bernt E.
        • Gruber W.
        Enzymatische Bestimmung des Gesamt-cholesterin in Serum.
        Z Kiln Chem Biochem. 1974; 12: 403-407
        • Eggstein M.
        • Kreutz F.H.
        Eine neue Bestimmung der Neutralfette im Blutserum and Gewebe.
        Klin Wochenschr. 1966; 44: 262-267
        • Burstein M.
        • Scholnik H.R.
        • Morfin R.
        Rapid method for the isolation of lipoproteins from human serum precipitation by polyanions.
        J Lipid Res. 1970; 11: 583-585
        • Bjartveit K.
        • Foss O.P.
        • Gjervig T.
        • Lund-Larsen P.G.
        The cardiovascular disease study in Norwegian counties. Background and organization..
        Acta Med Scand. 1979; : 1-70
        • Healy M.J.R.
        GLIM: An Introduction.
        Oxford University Press, Oxford1988.
      2. Dixon W.O.J. BMDP Statistical Software. University of California Press, Berkeley, Calif1981
        • Jacobsen B.K.
        • Thelle D.S.
        The Tromsø Heart Study: Is coffee drinking an indicator of a life style with high risk for ischemic heart disease?.
        Acta Med Scand. 1987; 222: 215-221
        • Tuomilehto J.
        • Tanskanen A.
        • Pietinen P.
        • et al.
        Coffee consumption is correlated with serum cholesterol in middle-aged Finnish men and women.
        J Epidemiol Common Health. 1987; 41: 237-242
        • Arab I.
        • Kohlmeier M.
        • Schlierf G.
        • Schettler G.
        Coffee and cholesterol (Letter).
        N Engl J Med. 1983; 309: 1250
        • Green S.
        • Jucha E.
        Association of serum lipids with coffee, tea and egg consumption in free-living subjects..
        J Epidemiol Commun Health. 1986; 40: 324-329
        • Klatsky A.L.
        • Petitti D.B.
        • Armstrong M.A.
        • Friedman G.D.
        Coffee, tea and cholesterol.
        Am J Cardiol. 1985; 55: 577-578
        • Kark J.D.
        • Friedlander Y.
        • Kauffman N.A.
        • Stein Y.
        Coffee, tea and cholesterol: The Jerusalem Lipid Research Clinic Prevalence Study.
        Br Med J. 1985; 291: 699-704
        • Curb J.D.
        • Reed D.M.
        • Kautz J.A.
        • Yano K.
        Coffee, caffeine and serum cholesterol in Japanese men in Hawaii.
        Am J Epidemiol. 1986; 123: 648-655
        • Shirlow M.J.
        • Mathers C.D.
        Caffeine consumption and serum cholesterol levels.
        Int J Epidemiol. 1984; 13: 422-427
        • Mathias S.
        • Garland C.
        • Barrett-Connor E.
        • Wingard D.L.
        Coffee, plasma cholesterol and lipoproteins: A population study in an adult community.
        Am J Epidemiol. 1985; 121: 896-905
        • Williams P.T.
        • Wood P.D.
        • Vranizan K.M.
        • Albers J.J.
        • Garay S.C.
        • Taylor C.B.
        Coffee intake and elevated cholesterol and apolipoprotein B levels in men.
        JAMA. 1985; 253: 1407-1411
        • Philips N.R.
        • Havel R.J.
        • Kane J.P.
        Levels and interrelationship of serum and lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides.
        Arteriosclerosis. 1981; 1: 13-24
        • Tverdal A.
        Systolic and diastolic blood pressures as predictors of coronary heart disease in middle aged Norwegian men.
        Br Med J. 1987; 294: 671-673
        • Jacobson B.K.
        • Bjelke E.
        • Kvåle G.
        • Heuch I.
        Coffee drinking, mortality, and cancer incidence: Results from a Norwegian prospective study.
        J Natl Cancer Inst. 1986; 76: 823-831
        • LaCroix A.Z.
        • Mead L.A.
        • Liang K.Y.
        • et al.
        Coffee consumption and the incidence of coronary heart disease.
        N Engl J Med. 1986; 315: 977-982
        • Rosenberg L.
        • Palmer J.R.
        • Kelly J.P.
        • Kaufman D.W.
        • Shapiro S.
        Coffee drinking and nonfatal myocardial infarction in men under 55 years of age.
        Am J Epidemiol. 1988; 128: 570-578